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Research article

Publié le 09/02/2023

Food production and resource use of urban farms and gardens: a five‑country study



There is a lack of data on resources used and food produced at urban farms. This hampers attempts to quantify the environmental impacts of urban agriculture or craft policies for sustainable food production in cities. To address this gap, we used a citizen science approach to collect data from 72 urban agriculture sites, representing three types of spaces (urban farms, collective gardens, individual gardens), in five countries (France, Germany, Poland, United Kingdom, and United States). More information


Erica Dorr1 · Jason K. Hawes2 · Benjamin Goldstein3 · Agnès Fargue‑Lelièvre1 · Runrid Fox‑Kämper4 · Kathrin Specht4 · Konstancja Fedeńczak5 · Silvio Caputo6 · Nevin Cohen7 · Lidia Poniży5 · Victoria Schoen8 · Tomasz Górecki9 · Joshua P. Newell2 · Liliane Jean‑Soro10,11 · Baptiste Grard12,13


Urban agriculture · Urban farm · Community garden · Allotment garden · Individual garden · Sustainability · Resource use · Food-energy-water nexus · Resource efficiency · Yield