Olivier Duchêne

Olivier Duchene
Associate professor, PhD in agronomic sciences


Research Unit
Agroecology and environment unit

Expertise

At the interface between systemic agronomy, ecophysiology and functional ecology, my research focuses on the functional role of herbaceous plants (individual or plant community) as a key component to understand the functioning and dynamic of agroecosystems and their agronomical and ecological properties. One of the central hypothesis of this work is that functional dimension of plant diversity is essential and complementary to either taxinomic or ‘sector’ (production, valorization and end markets) dimensions to drive the diversification and conception of cropping systems less dependent on external inputs, less sensitive to climatic hazards, and more favorable to soil fertility (agroecological conceptual framework).”

 

Keywords

Perennial grains, cover crops, crop mictures, prairies, rhizopshere, ecosystemic services, functional analysis

Research Projects

  • CERPET: « : Perennial grains for an agroecological transition of cropping systems » (2019-2023)
  • NAPERDIV: « Nature-based perennial grain cropping as a model to safeguard functional biodiversity towards future-proof agriculture » (2020-2023)
  • CASTOR: Intercropped cover crops supporting the agroecological transition and the reduction of inputs use. Funding: TERRA ISARA

Teaching activities

  • Cropping systems diagnosis
  • Understanding and planning biodiversity in fields
  • Conception of innovative management practices and cropping systems (cover cropping, intercropping, mixing crops, perennial grains)
  • Functional ecology

 

Studies

  • Since 2020 : Associate professor l’Isara (Agroecology & Environment Unit).
  • 2020 :PhD in agronomic sciences, from the French Agricultural, Veterinary and Forestry Institute (IAVFF – AgroParisTech) : « Functional characterization and performances of a perennial grain (Thinopyrum intermedium) as an agroecological option for western European cropping systems.»
  • 2016 :Master degree in agriculture en environment (ISARA)

Publications

 

  • Duchene, O., Dumont, B., Cattani, D., Fagnant, L., Schlautman, B., DeHaan, L.R., Barriball, S., Jungers, J.M., Picasso Risso, V., David, C., Celette, F., 2021. Process-based analysis of Thinopyrum intermedium phenological development across various environments highlights the importance of dual induction for reproductive growth and agronomic performance. Agric. For. Meteorol.
  • Duchene, O., Celette, F., Barreiro, A., Dimitrova Mårtensson, L.-M., Freschet, G.T., David, C., 2020. Introducing perennial grain in grain crops rotation: the role of rooting pattern in soil quality management. Agronomy 10, 1254. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091254
  • Duchene, O., Celette, F., Ryan, M.R., DeHaan, L.R., Crews, T.E., David, C., 2019. Integrating multipurpose perennial grains crops in Western European farming systems. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 284, 106591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.106591
  • Duchene, O., Vian, J.-F., Celette, F., 2017. Intercropping with legume for agroecological cropping systems: Complementarity and facilitation processes and the importance of soil microorganisms. A review. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 240, 148–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.02.019