Supports for collective action in agroecological transitions. Insights from the study of five groups of farmers in the Rhône-Alpes region
Aurélie Cardona1,*, Hélène Brives2, Claire Lamine1, Jacques Godet2, Lucie Gouttenoire3 and Louis Rénier1
1 INRAE, Centre de recherche PACA, UR Ecodéveloppement, 228 route de l’Aérodrome, Domaine Saint Paul-Site Agroparc, CS 40509, 84914 Avignon Cedex 9, France
2 Laboratoire d’Études Rurales, ISARA, 23, rue Jean Baldassini, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
3 Université Clermont Auvergne, AgroParisTech, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, Territoires, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
Collective action and cooperation between actors having a diversity of knowledge and practices can help to create and share new visions, values and resources supporting agroecological transitions.
During the last years, diverse public programs have been set up in order to encourage collective initiatives supporting agroecological transitions. However, the coordination of people who are not used to work together is not always obvious.
This article aims to identify the conditions of emergence of these collective actions and the modes of coordination supporting agroecological transitions.
Based on a comprehensive analysis of five groups of farmers, we show that collective action supporting agroecological transitions relies on the ability of using and arranging different kind of “supports”.
These supports are:
- technical material,
- knowledge resources,
- public subsidies and group facilitators.
Then, agroecological transitions rely on specific and situated arrangements of these supports along an incremental process combining both planned and emerging activities resulting from opportunities or constraints.
Our results challenge the established planned management of collective action and point out how the dynamics of emergence can play a role to favor its durability.